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The Kluge

Date(s)
1931
The Kluge, invented by Kluge & Brandtjen in 1931, was an “automatoc platen press.” It built off previous automatic, internal parts Kluge & Brandtjen had built for other makes and models of presses.
The Kluge was a wartime success. Every U.S. army base in WWII, plus many of the ships in the navy, had a Kluge model for wartime communications. The Kluge worked much like the Gordon Jobber, with a notable exception: the paper feeder was automatic, and did not require a person. This, along with greater impression strength, allowed the Kluge to produce up to four thousand impressions per hour. The Kluge would come out with several models before its most famous, the model D, in the 1960’s. The model D would have been used to publish the many political pamphlets of the sixties, and the mass distribution of these pamphlets was due in large part to the increased number of pamphlets the model D Kluge could make in a single run. The Kluge largely replaced the Gordon Jobber, and other crank powered platen presses, and it would remain the most-used platen press for the printer interested in small runs until the photocopier.
Sources
Kluge, Eneval. "Valve mechanism for pneumatic sheet feeding devices." U.S. Patent 2,274,797, issued March 3, 1942.
Kluge, Abel, and Eneval Kluge. "Pile lowering device for printing presses." U.S. Patent 2,027,177, issued January 7, 1936.
"Over 80 Years of Print Finishing Technology." Brandtjen & Kluge, Inc. Accessed December 13, 2015. http://www.kluge.biz/index.php?page=a-history-of-innovation.

""Open" Kluge Letterpress." Digital image. G. Johanson, Letterpress: Letterpress Printing & Design. Accessed December 09, 2015. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-dibr2nYcWxU/UXYRqk_AGxI/AAAAAAAACBU/HyG5UhDzSzg/s320/Kluge+025a.jpg.
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