Battle of Gettysburg

July 1-3, 1863

Referred to as the turning point of the Civil War for Union forces, the Battle of Gettysburg provided ample photographic opportunities for photographers such as Alexander Gardner. After an overwhelming victory at Chancellorsville, General Robert E. Lee led the Confederate army to Pennsylvania in an attempt to invade the North (History.com; Civil War Trust). Confederate bodies strewn across the battlefield as a result of Pickett’s ill-fated charge became the subject, and later controversy, of Gardner’s photographs of Gettysburg, specifically “A Sharpshooter’s Last Sleep” and “Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter” (Snyder 2014). On July 4, General Lee and his army retreated to Virginia (History.com).


"Battle of Gettysburg." History.com. Accessed December 1, 2015, http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/battle-of-gettysburg.

"The Battle of Gettysburg." Civil War Trust. Accessed October 27, 2015, http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/gettysburg.

Snyder, Jonathan. “The “Make-Believe” War: Necessary Fictionalization in Alexander Gardner’s Photographic Sketch Book of the Civil War.” War, Literature & the Arts. 26 (2014): 1-23.

Gardner, Alexander. "Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter." Accessed October 11, 2015, http://civilwar.picturinghistory.gc.cuny.edu/archive/archive/files/315b74f4353f308922700cb917b2753c.jpg.

Gardner, Alexander. "A Sharpshooter's Last Sleep." Accessed October 11, 2015, http://www.jamescgroves.com/henry/hcphotos.htm