Browse Items (10 total)

  • Item Type: Event
  • Tags: The History of Mass Surveillance in the United States

Shortly after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, President George W Bush signed into law the USA PATRIOT Act, or the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001. In an atmosphere…
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Church Committee.jpeg
After the Watergate scandal, there was a series of investigations in the mid-1970s that explored the question of intelligence abuse. These included the Watergate Hearings, the Rockefeller Commission, the Pike Committee, and, most presciently, the…
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ECHELON, also knows as the Five Eyes, is a SIGINT collection and analysis network secretly established by the United States and the other signatory nations to the UKUSA Security Agreement: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. The…
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Project MINARET and Project SHAMROCK are sister espionages exercises undertaken by the NSA from the 1940s to the 1970s. Project MINARET was a domestic project which intercepted electronic communications that contained the names of predesignated US…
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COINTELPRO (COunter INTELligence PROgram) was a series of covert and in some cases illegal projects between 1956 and 1971 conducted by the FBI aimed at subversive American political organizations. The FBI broadly targeted dissidents from the New Left…
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After World War II, President Harry S Truman ordered a panel to investigate the failures of cryptologic agencies to centralize communications intelligence and coordinate with civilian agencies such as the Department of State, Central Intelligence…
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Black Chamber.jpg
The counter-intelligence apparatus developed in the Philippines was the brain child of Ralph Van Deman, a soldier and cartographer for the War Department’s Military Information Division. After leaving the Philippines, Van Deman conducted covert…
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Taft in Philippines.jpg
Following their defeat in the Spanish-American War, Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States in the Treaty of Paris. William Howard Taft was tasked overseeing the new colony’s “Benevolent Assimilation,” as termed by President McKinley. Taft…
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In 1897, the National Chiefs of Police Union founded the National Bureau of Identification, a government agency dedicated to recording identifying information on criminals for use by law enforcement. The backbone of the program was the Pinkerton…
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In the mid-1850s, several railroad tycoons saw the need for greater control of their employees and decided to jointly sponsor a private detective agency to protect from corporate risk (Morn 1982). The Pinkerton National Detective Agency, founded by…
Item Type: Event
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