Browse Items (129 total)

  • Item Type: Technology

Early BBS
The birth of social media this prerequisite of citizen journalism can date back to the age before the prevalence of World Wide Web. Developed in the 1970s, bulletin board systems, consisting of PCs, modems and the telephone line, were in many ways a…
Item Type: Technology

strip photography.jpeg
The method of photography known as strip photography is a technique that effectively captures high-speed horizontal movement by focusing solely on that which is moving in front of the lens and "ignoring" stationary objects. Objects in motion over…
Item Type: Technology

reversal.jpg
Educational films would not have gained their place as a significant pedagogical tool in elementary and secondary schools without Kodak’s development of 16mm reversal film in 1923 (Pope, 2016, 58). Prior to the introduction of 16mm films, teachers…
Item Type: Technology

texarkana baby eddy arnold 1949 first 45.jpg
Thomas Edison invented the phonograph in 1887 by connecting a thin membrane to a needle, which touched a cylinder covered with tin foil, prompting sound waves connected to a diaphragm. This process would move the needle which would then carve…
Item Type: Technology

Gibson Southern Jumbo.jpg
The early nineteenth century was the ‘golden age of the guitar’ due to its use in Viennese Classical music. The first book of guitar notation was published during this age in 1820, ensuring that its classical practice, technique, and melodies could…
Item Type: Technology

akai-mpc60-361521.jpg
Following hot on the heels of the development of MIDI, Japanese electronics manufacturer Akai – working with Roger Linn, of Linn Electronics – released the first “groove box,” the Akai MPC60, in 1988. Linn – along with companies like Roland – was an…
Item Type: Technology

Ampex HS-100.jpg
In 1967, electronics company Ampex developed the HS-100 PAL 4 Channel 2 magnetic disc video recorder. Video was recorded on an analogue disc that weighed five pounds and made 60 rotations per second. It could record up to thirty seconds of video that…
Item Type: Technology

AP Leafax 35.jpg
In the late 1980s, Leaf Systems Inc. introduced the Leafax, a compact portable photo scanner that was transportable in a case the size of a standard briefcase. It quickly became the proprietary technology of the Associated Press, as it could transmit…
Item Type: Technology

AudioToMIDICommands_opt.7dddf3403bdc.png
The capacity to convert audio files into MIDI functions has been a continuous development over the last several decades. The Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) Ableton – which has been in heavy use with musicians of a variety of genres since its…
Item Type: Technology

A book in clamps, ready for adhesive binding.
At the onset of mass production, higher quality paper covers protected the magazine-size publications whose interior pages were made from the much cheaper pulp paper. The brightly colored, hand painted covers appealed to both adult and young adult…
Item Type: Technology

cable-tv.png
Cable television is another important development in television industry. Generally speaking, any system that distributes television signals via radio frequency (RF) through coaxial or fiber-optic cables can be regarded as a cable system This…
Item Type: Technology

J-SH04
A camera phone is a smartphone which can capture photographs and often record video using one or more built-in digital cameras. The first camera phone was sold in 2000 in Japan, a Sharp J-SH04 J-Phone model (Hoista 2012). Most camera phones are…
Item Type: Technology

CanonEOS5DMarkIII.jpg
The Canon EOS 5D Mark III is a 22.3-megapixel camera that costs $3,499—1/10 the cost of the Kodak Nikon DCS 100 (Pritchard 2014). Equipped with the Canon CMOS sensor and DIGIC 5+ Image Processor, the camera was developed to deliver “clarity and…
Item Type: Technology

cassette.jpg
Cassettes are constructed from two spools inside a plastic casing. Between the two spools is wound a flat plastic tape that is coated with ferric oxide. Once this tape is magnetized, it remains magnetized for as long as the cassette remains intact.…
Item Type: Technology

CRT.png
In 1897, German Physicist Karl Ferdinand Braun invented the earliest version of the cathode ray tube (CRT). Therefore, the CRT is also known as the Braun’s tube. Before digital and smart television become commonplace in modern society, most…
Item Type: Technology

CCTV.jpg
Closed-circut television (CCTV) is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a limited set of monitors. Though almost all video cameras fit this definition, the term is most often applied to video surveillance, or the monitoring of areas…
Item Type: Technology

Figure 1: Detail of CMYK dot pattern
As printing techniques continued to progress at the turn of the 20th century, color became the next big hurdle for photography and eventually printing. With halftone printing, the challenge was being able to better integrate text and image such that…
Item Type: Technology

juke selection.jpg
The jukebox is much older than one might assume. In 1887, Louis Glass, who owned a gin joint in San Francisco, thought to combine Thomas Edison’s Class M electric phonograph with a showy oak cabinet, and the jukebox was born. This technology did not…
Item Type: Technology

Hand painted cover art for pulp magazine.
Advancements in color ink technology allowed for brightly colored mass-produced serials that appealed to a wider audience. Serialized publication of original comics began to fill a niche in newfound consumer demographics. For the first time, the…
Item Type: Technology
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