Browse Items (129 total)

  • Item Type: Technology

Landmarks of a face
Facial recognition software utilizes automated computational analysis to recognize and then measure the various features of a face. Since every face has different distinguishable “landmarks,” or different shapes and contours that define facial…
Item Type: Technology

880px-Fourdrinier.svg.png
Much like the Gordon Jobber became the grandfather of the letter press, so did the Fourdrinier machine become the grandfather of the paper making machines. Alternately called the “paper machine,” the Fourdrinier machine was invented and patented by…
Item Type: Technology

1920s newspaper press missouri cropped.jpg
The rotary press imprinted images using a rotating cylinder, which allowed for faster, more efficient, and higher quality printing. At upwards of 8,000 pages an hour, the steam-powered rotary press further increased the speed at which materials could…
Item Type: Technology

An Early Pamphengos Lantern
When thinking of magic lanterns, fine art education isn’t what necessarily comes to mind, however this technology served as a precursor to more modern day technologies, such as slide projectors and PowerPoint, and helped promote the use of…
Item Type: Technology

daguerreotype 5.jpg
In 1829, Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre struck a partnership with fellow inventor Joseph-Nicephore Niépce to develop a method for capturing the fleeting images visible in a camera obscura. The two first successfully establish the daguerreotype process…
Item Type: Technology

half-plate-camera.png
Although an advancement from the expensive tin-plate portraiture daguerreotype method, the wet-plate process is characterized as the infancy of photography (Gidley 2011). Wet-plate cameras were large and heavy, but relatively portable thanks to…
Item Type: Technology

Hand painted cover art for pulp magazine.
Advancements in color ink technology allowed for brightly colored mass-produced serials that appealed to a wider audience. Serialized publication of original comics began to fill a niche in newfound consumer demographics. For the first time, the…
Item Type: Technology

Amazing Stories, 1940
Prior to the advent of wood pulp paper, most paper was made from rag pulp. Collecting used rags to make paper was economical but limiting. When the rags ran out, so did the paper and it was expensive to use new cloth. These limitations kept the price…
Item Type: Technology

Gramophone.jpg
The Phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison in 1878, building off of several prototypes most notably the Phonautograph, which was a machine designed to ‘write’ audio rather than play it back (Rutgers: The Edison Papers), (UCSB: Cylinder Archive).…
Item Type: Technology

Figure 1: Halftone Print of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1910
When Daguerre first wrote on his discoveries of photography, he imagined several possible uses including valuable application to science, art, and even the leisure class. Much of those early ideas have since come to be, however one of the earliest…
Item Type: Technology

Bertillon.jpg
In 1883, a French criminologist by the name of Alphonse Bertillon invented the first system of recording physical measurements, taking photographs, and record-keeping for police to identify criminals. Before Bertillon, suspects were only identified…
Item Type: Technology

kodak_camera.jpg
With the development of George Eastman’s paper film came the first Kodak camera. In 1886, Eastman got a patent to incorporate the roll holder he had developed with William H. Walker into a camera (“Milestones”). Patent 6950 describes the Kodak…
Item Type: Technology

gordon jobber.jpg
George Phineas Gordon created the Franklin Press, also known as the Gordon Jobber, beginning in 1852, and releasing models all the way through the 1880’s. Gordon, who was a spiritualist, claimed that Benjamin Franklin had come to him with the design…
Item Type: Technology

juke selection.jpg
The jukebox is much older than one might assume. In 1887, Louis Glass, who owned a gin joint in San Francisco, thought to combine Thomas Edison’s Class M electric phonograph with a showy oak cabinet, and the jukebox was born. This technology did not…
Item Type: Technology

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In 1902, British postal legislation allowed for the divided back postcard, which meant it was possible to write messages on the back of the postcard. Originally, the front of a postcard would have a lithographed image or drawing (primarily…
Item Type: Technology

ADC.gif
Signal converters have been around in analog form at least since the invention of the telegraph, and possibly as far back as the ottoman empire. However in their most familiar iterations, as digital converters, they have been around for roughly 70…
Item Type: Technology

triode.jpg
The Triode amplifier was invented in 1906 by Lee de Forest. It improved on earlier designs like the Fleming valve by adding a grid with a charge in addition to the two diodes. By 1912 the amplifying properties of the triode had been fully fleshed out…
Item Type: Technology

Figure 1: Detail of CMYK dot pattern
As printing techniques continued to progress at the turn of the 20th century, color became the next big hurdle for photography and eventually printing. With halftone printing, the challenge was being able to better integrate text and image such that…
Item Type: Technology

kodak-vpk.jpg
Introduced in 1912, the Vest Pocket Kodak Camera was a small, simple, and inexpensive snapshot camera. Eastman Kodak employed the use of lazy-tongs in the construction of the Vest Pocket Kodak, a scissor arrangement that connected the front and back…
Item Type: Technology

magnetictape_01.jpg
Magnetic Tape was invented by Fritz Pfleumer in 1928, improving on earlier designs for magnetic wire by Oberlin Smith in 1882. Pfleumer’s innovation was to use a celluloid sheet coated in ferric oxide powder. By charging a magnetic coil or…
Item Type: Technology
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